Clicking on to the next article revealed more research pointing to an endemic problem within economics towards women. Professor Donna Ginther describes how women face a thicker glass ceiling in economics, with reduced chances of reaching tenure, becoming professors, and embarking upon PhDs compared to men. The differences in policy preferences between men and women add another layer to this problem, a 2013 study suggested that men were more likely to favour deregulation and lower minimum wages than women. If women continue to be pushed out, a skewed orthodoxy is created with ingrained bias that has already proven a point of criticism for this profession in the wake of the financial crash.
These reports can feel disheartening. The next two held more hopeful conclusions, seeking to suggest ways in which economics can face this problem head on. The first suggestion encourages the use of economic tools themselves, collecting and analysing data to identify the areas where economics discriminates against women. A second challenge may sit more uncomfortably within the profession, encouraging innovation of teaching styles and content, rearranging tutorials to encourage an inclusive space without ridicule or overbearing voices, shifting from the traditional norms of the subject.' How economics is trying to fix its gender problem' talks of mentoring between senior and junior economists, providing forums and groups where advice is readily available and support is provided. Instituting a more explicit code of conduct is another idea circulated within the AEA to create a "professional environment with equal opportunity and fair treatment for all economists" although the lack of sanctions takes away its punch somewhat. A female push to resolve the problem is only part of the solution however. As asserted by Rohini Pande from Harvard University“this cannot just be the work of women.” Male economists must also take ownership of this flaw, uniting with female colleagues to show them their experiences are being heard and will be met with action.